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Liu, X., Blackburn, T. M., Song, T., Wang, X., Huang, C., & Li, Y. (2020). Animal invaders threaten protected areas worldwide. Nature Communications, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16719-2

Protected areas are the cornerstone of biodiversity conservation. However, alien species invasion is an increasing threat to biodiversity, and the extent to which protected areas worldwide are resistant to incursions of alien species remains poorly understood. Here, we investigate establishment by 8…

Zigler, K., Niemiller, M., Stephen, C., Ayala, B., Milne, M., Gladstone, N., … Cressler, A. (2020). Biodiversity from caves and other sub-terranean habitats of Georgia, USA. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 82(2), 125–167. doi:10.4311/2019lsc0125 https://doi.org/10.4311/2019LSC0125

We provide an annotated checklist of species recorded from caves and other subterranean habitats in the state of Georgia, USA. We report 281 species (228 invertebrates and 53 vertebrates), including 51 troglobionts (cave-obligate species), from more than 150 sites (caves, springs, and wells). Endemi…

Ringelberg, J. J., Zimmermann, N. E., Weeks, A., Lavin, M., & Hughes, C. E. (2020). Biomes as evolutionary arenas: Convergence and conservatism in the trans‐continental succulent biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13089 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13089

Aim: Historically, biomes have been defined based on their structurally and functionally similar vegetation, but there is debate about whether these similarities are superficial, and about how biomes are defined and mapped. We propose that combined assessment of evolutionary convergence of plant fun…

Bowser, M., Brassfield, R., Dziergowski, A., Eskelin, T., Hester, J., Magness, D., … Stone, J. (2020). Towards conserving natural diversity: A biotic inventory by observations, specimens, DNA barcoding and high-throughput sequencing methods. Biodiversity Data Journal, 8. doi:10.3897/bdj.8.e50124 https://doi.org/10.3897/bdj.8.e50124

The Kenai National Wildlife Refuge has been given a broad conservation mandate to conserve natural diversity. A prerequisite for fulfilling this purpose is to be able to identify the species and communities that make up that biodiversity. We tested a set of varied methods for inventory and…

Carrasco, J., Price, V., Tulloch, V., & Mills, M. (2020). Selecting priority areas for the conservation of endemic trees species and their ecosystems in Madagascar considering both conservation value and vulnerability to human pressure. Biodiversity and Conservation. doi:10.1007/s10531-020-01947-1 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-01947-1

Madagascar is one of the most biodiverse countries in Africa, due to its level of endemism and species diversity. However, the pressure of human activities threatens the last patches of natural vegetation in the country and conservation decisions are undertaken with limited data availability. In thi…

Giannini, T. C., Costa, W. F., Borges, R. C., Miranda, L., da Costa, C. P. W., Saraiva, A. M., & Imperatriz Fonseca, V. L. (2020). Climate change in the Eastern Amazon: crop-pollinator and occurrence-restricted bees are potentially more affected. Regional Environmental Change, 20(1). doi:10.1007/s10113-020-01611-y https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-020-01611-y

There is pressing need to anticipate the impacts of climate change on species and their functional contributions to ecosystem processes. Our objective is to evaluate the potential bee response to climate change considering (1) response traits—body size, nest site, and sociality; (2) contributions to…

Escalante, T., Varela-Anaya, A. M., Noguera-Urbano, E. A., Elguea-Manrique, L. M., Ochoa-Ochoa, L. M., Gutiérrez-Velázquez, A. L., … Rodríguez-Soto, C. (2020). Evaluation of five taxa as surrogates for conservation prioritization in the Transmexican Volcanic Belt, Mexico. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125800. doi:10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125800 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125800

Many biotic groups have been proposed as biodiversity surrogates; however, using different taxa could provide complementary information for choosing conservation priorities. There are two general ways to evaluate the performance of surrogates: (1) using cross-taxon congruency as an a priori test, be…

McCoshum, S. M., & Geber, M. A. (2020). Land Conversion for Solar Facilities and Urban Sprawl in Southwest Deserts Causes Different Amounts of Habitat Loss for Ashmeadiella Bees. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 92(2), 468. doi:10.2317/0022-8567-92.2.468 https://doi.org/10.2317/0022-8567-92.2.468

Land conversion for human use poses one of the greatest threats to terrestrial ecosystems and causes habitat loss for a myriad of species. The development of large solar energy facilities and urban sprawl are converting wild lands in the Southwest deserts of the USA for human use and resulting in ha…

Ritter, C. D., Faurby, S., Bennett, D. J., Naka, L. N., ter Steege, H., Zizka, A., … Antonelli, A. (2019). The pitfalls of biodiversity proxies: Differences in richness patterns of birds, trees and understudied diversity across Amazonia. Scientific Reports, 9(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-019-55490-3 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55490-3

Most knowledge on biodiversity derives from the study of charismatic macro-organisms, such as birds and trees. However, the diversity of micro-organisms constitutes the majority of all life forms on Earth. Here, we ask if the patterns of richness inferred for macro-organisms are similar for micro-or…

Daniel, J., Horrocks, J., & Umphrey, G. J. (2019). Efficient Modelling of Presence-Only Species Data via Local Background Sampling. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics. doi:10.1007/s13253-019-00380-4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13253-019-00380-4

In species distribution modelling, records of species presence are often modelled as a realization of a spatial point process whose intensity is a function of environmental covariates. One way to fit a spatial point process model is to apply logistic regression to an artificial case–control sample c…