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Beaulieu, W. T., Panaccione, D. G., Quach, Q. N., Smoot, K. L., & Clay, K. (2021). Diversification of ergot alkaloids and heritable fungal symbionts in morning glories. Communications Biology, 4(1). doi:10.1038/s42003-021-02870-z https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02870-z

Heritable microorganisms play critical roles in life cycles of many macro-organisms but their prevalence and functional roles are unknown for most plants. Bioactive ergot alkaloids produced by heritable Periglandula fungi occur in some morning glories (Convolvulaceae), similar to ergot alkaloids in …

Vasconcelos, T., Boyko, J. D., & Beaulieu, J. M. (2021). Linking mode of seed dispersal and climatic niche evolution in flowering plants. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.14292 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14292

Aim: Due to the sessile nature of flowering plants, movements to new geographical areas occur mainly during seed dispersal. Frugivores tend to be efficient dispersers because animals move within the boundaries of their preferable niches, so seeds are more likely to be transported to environments tha…

Christiansen, D. M., Iversen, L. L., Ehrlén, J., & Hylander, K. (2021). Changes in forest structure drive temperature preferences of boreal understorey plant communities. Journal of Ecology. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13825 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13825

The local climate in forest understories can deviate substantially from ambient conditions. Moreover, forest microclimates are often characterized by cyclic changes driven by management activities such as clear-cutting and subsequent planting. To understand how and why understorey plant communities …

Alban, D. M., Biersma, E. M., Kadereit, J. W., & Dillenberger, M. S. (2021). Colonization of the Southern Hemisphere by Sagina and Colobanthus (Caryophyllaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 308(1). doi:10.1007/s00606-021-01793-w https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-021-01793-w

Colobanthus (23 species) and Sagina (30–33 species) together are sister to Facchinia. Whereas Facchinia is distributed in western Eurasia, Colobanthus is almost exclusively distributed in the Southern Hemisphere, and Sagina is distributed in both hemispheres with the highest species diversity in wes…

Moshobane, M. C., Mudereri, B. T., Mukundamago, M., & Chitata, T. (2022). Predicting future distribution patterns of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in South Africa in response to climate change. South African Journal of Botany, 146, 417–425. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2021.11.031 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2021.11.031

Invasive alien species such as Bellyache bush (Jatropha gossypiifolia L.) pose immense threats to global food security, biodiversity, ecosystem integrity and provision of ecosystem services. The Bellyache bush has generally been naturalised in Africa but poses vast management challenges in the Afric…

Dering, M., Baranowska, M., Beridze, B., Chybicki, I. J., Danelia, I., Iszkuło, G., … Sękiewicz, K. (2021). The evolutionary heritage and ecological uniqueness of Scots pine in the Caucasus ecoregion is at risk of climate changes. Scientific Reports, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-02098-1 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-02098-1

Scots pine is one of the most widely occurring pines, but future projections suggest a large reduction in its range, mostly at the southern European limits. A significant part of its range is located in the Caucasus, a global hot-spot of diversity. Pine forests are an important reservoir of biodiver…

Kolanowska, M. (2021). The future of a montane orchid species and the impact of climate change on the distribution of its pollinators and magnet species. Global Ecology and Conservation, 32, e01939. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01939 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01939

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of global warming on suitable niches of montane orchid, Traunsteinera globosa, using ecological niche modelling approach. Additionally, the effect of various climate change scenarios on future changes in the distribution and overlap of the orchid magn…

Oh, D., Kowalski, K. P., Quach, Q. N., Wijesinghege, C., Tanford, P., Dassanayake, M., & Clay, K. (2021). Novel genome characteristics contribute to the invasiveness of Phragmites australis (common reed). Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16293 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16293

The rapid invasion of the non-native Phragmites australis (Poaceae, subfamily Arundinoideae) is a major threat to native wetland ecosystems in North America and elsewhere. We describe the first reference genome for P. australis and compare invasive (ssp. australis) and native (ssp. americanus) genot…

Cahen, D., Rickenback, J., & Utteridge, T. M. A. (2021). A revision of Ziziphus (Rhamnaceae) in Borneo. Kew Bulletin. doi:10.1007/s12225-021-09970-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-021-09970-3

The genus Ziziphus (Rhamnaceae) is revised for Borneo. 13 species are recognised using morphological evidence, including three new endemic species: Ziziphus cuspidata, Z. domatiata and Z. puberula. Borneo is therefore the island with the greatest known diversity of Ziziphus species. The area surroun…

Benhadi-Marín, J., Fereres, A., & Pereira, J. A. (2021). Potential areas of spread of Trioza erytreae over mainland Portugal and Spain. Journal of Pest Science. doi:10.1007/s10340-021-01440-w https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-021-01440-w

Trioza erytreae is one natural psyllid vector of Candidatus liberibacter, the causal agent of the citrus greening disease (HLB). Since its introduction in 2014 into the Iberian Peninsula, T. erytreae was able to spread continuously toward southern coastal regions of Portugal and northern coastal reg…