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Natola, L., & Burg, T. M. (2018). Population Genetics and Speciation of Yellow-Bellied, Red-Naped, and Red-Breasted Sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus varius, S. nuchalis, and S. ruber). Journal of Heredity, 109(6), 663–674. doi:10.1093/jhered/esy034 https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esy034

The root of understanding speciation lies in determining the forces which drive it. In many closely-related species, including Sphyrapicus varius, S. nuchalis, and S. ruber, it is assumed that speciation occurred due to isolation in multiple Pleistocene refugia. We used genetic data from 457 samples…

Jarnevich, C. S., Hayes, M. A., Fitzgerald, L. A., Yackel Adams, A. A., Falk, B. G., Collier, M. A. M., … Reed, R. N. (2018). Modeling the distributions of tegu lizards in native and potential invasive ranges. Scientific Reports, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-28468-w https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-28468-w

Invasive reptilian predators can have substantial impacts on native species and ecosystems. Tegu lizards are widely distributed in South America east of the Andes, and are popular in the international live animal trade. Two species are established in Florida (U.S.A.) - Salvator merianae (Argentine b…

Ureta, C., Cuervo-Robayo, Á. P., Calixto-Pérez, E., González-Salazar, C., … Fuentes-Conde, E. (2018). A first approach to evaluate the vulnerability of islands’ vertebrates to climate change in Mexico. Atmósfera, 31(3), 251–254. doi:10.20937/atm.2018.31.03.03 https://doi.org/10.20937/ATM.2018.31.03.03

Mexican islands are one of the most diverse territories in the world and consequently their conservation should be a national and international priority. Three main threats to islands’ diversity have been detected: invasive species, land use change and climate change. Most studies have been focused …

Antonelli, A., Zizka, A., Carvalho, F. A., Scharn, R., Bacon, C. D., Silvestro, D., & Condamine, F. L. (2018). Amazonia is the primary source of Neotropical biodiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(23), 6034–6039. doi:10.1073/pnas.1713819115 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713819115

The American tropics (the Neotropics) are the most species-rich realm on Earth, and for centuries, scientists have attempted to understand the origins and evolution of their biodiversity. It is now clear that different regions and taxonomic groups have responded differently to geological and climati…

Yañez-Arenas, C., Díaz-Gamboa, L., Patrón-Rivero, C., López-Reyes, K., & Chiappa-Carrara, X. (2018). Estimating geographic patterns of ophidism risk in Ecuador. Neotropical Biodiversity, 4(1), 55–61. doi:10.1080/23766808.2018.1454762 https://doi.org/10.1080/23766808.2018.1454762

The species richness of venomous snakes in Ecuador (~39 species) is among the highest in the world. However, until now no information exists regarding geographic patterns of ophidism. In this study, we present a detailed spatial snakebite risk map which was built by stacking weighted ecological nich…

Zhang, X., & Vincent, A. C. J. (2018). Predicting distributions, habitat preferences and associated conservation implications for a genus of rare fishes, seahorses (Hippocampus spp.). Diversity and Distributions, 24(7), 1005–1017. doi:10.1111/ddi.12741 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12741

Aim: To identify useful sources of species data and appropriate habitat variables for species distribution modelling on rare species, with seahorses as an example, deriving ecological knowledge and spatially explicit maps to advance global seahorse conservation. Location: The shallow seas. Methods: …

Faurby, S., & Araújo, M. B. (2018). Anthropogenic range contractions bias species climate change forecasts. Nature Climate Change, 8(3), 252–256. doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0089-x https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0089-x

Forecasts of species range shifts under climate change most often rely on ecological niche models, in which characterizations of climate suitability are highly contingent on the species range data used. If ranges are far from equilibrium under current environmental conditions, for instance owing to …

Schirpke, U., Meisch, C., & Tappeiner, U. (2018). Symbolic species as a cultural ecosystem service in the European Alps: insights and open issues. Landscape Ecology, 33(5), 711–730. doi:10.1007/s10980-018-0628-x https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-018-0628-x

Purpose: Symbolic plants and animals are recognised as a cultural ecosystem service (CES), which is still underrepresented in ecosystem services assessments. Thus, this study aims at identifying and mapping important symbolic species in the European Alps, which are of cultural significance to large …

Alvarez, B., Frings, P. J., Clymans, W., Fontorbe, G., & Conley, D. J. (2017). Assessing the Potential of Sponges (Porifera) as Indicators of Ocean Dissolved Si Concentrations. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4. doi:10.3389/fmars.2017.00373 https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2017.00373

We explore the distribution of sponges along dissolved silica (dSi) concentration gradients to test whether sponge assemblages are related to dSi and to assess the validity of fossil sponges as a palaeoecological tool for inferring dSi concentrations of the past oceans. We extracted sponge records f…

Guedes, T. B., Sawaya, R. J., Zizka, A., Laffan, S., Faurby, S., Pyron, R. A., … Antonelli, A. (2017). Patterns, biases and prospects in the distribution and diversity of Neotropical snakes. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27(1), 14–21. doi:10.1111/geb.12679 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12679

Motivation: We generated a novel database of Neotropical snakes (one of the world’s richest herpetofauna) combining the most comprehensive, manually compiled distribution dataset with publicly available data. We assess, for the first time, the diversity patterns for all Neotropical snakes as well as…