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Cardador, L., Abellán, P., & Blackburn, T. M. (2021). Incorporating phylogeographic information in alien bird distribution models increases geographic extent but not accuracy of predictions. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-021-02673-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-021-02673-7

Species distribution models (SDM) have been proposed as valuable first screening tools for predicting species responses to new environmental conditions. SDMs are usually conducted at the species level, assuming that species-environment relationships are a species-specific feature that do not evolve …

Xian, Y., Lu, Y., & Liu, G. (2021). Is climate change threatening or beneficial to the habitat distribution of global pangolin species? Evidence from species distribution modeling. Science of The Total Environment, 151385. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151385 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151385

Global climate change caused by fossil energy consumption is strongly threatening the species diversity of mammals. In particular, changes in temperature and precipitation have affected the habitat of pangolins. Thus, we employed the MaxEnt modeling approach to simulate the potential habitat distrib…

Miller, E. F., Green, R. E., Balmford, A., Maisano Delser, P., Beyer, R., Somveille, M., … Manica, A. (2021). Bayesian Skyline Plots disagree with range size changes based on Species Distribution Models for Holarctic birds. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.16032 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16032

During the Quaternary, large climate oscillations impacted the distribution and demography of species globally. Two approaches have played a major role in reconstructing changes through time: Bayesian Skyline Plots (BSPs), which reconstruct population fluctuations based on genetic data, and Species …

Williamson, J. L., & Witt, C. C. (2021). Elevational niche-shift migration: Why the degree of elevational change matters for the ecology, evolution, and physiology of migratory birds. Ornithology, 138(2). doi:10.1093/ornithology/ukaa087 https://doi.org/10.1093/ornithology/ukaa087

Elevational migration can be defined as roundtrip seasonal movement that involves upward and downward shifts in elevation. These shifts incur physiological challenges that are proportional to the degree of elevational change. Larger shifts in elevation correspond to larger shifts in partial pressure…

Wieringa, J. G., Carstens, B. C., & Gibbs, H. L. (2021). Predicting migration routes for three species of migratory bats using species distribution models. PeerJ, 9, e11177. doi:10.7717/peerj.11177 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.11177

Understanding seasonal variation in the distribution and movement patterns of migratory species is essential to monitoring and conservation efforts. While there are many species of migratory bats in North America, little is known about their seasonal movements. In terms of conservation, this is impo…

Inman, R., Franklin, J., Esque, T., & Nussear, K. (2021). Comparing sample bias correction methods for species distribution modeling using virtual species. Ecosphere, 12(3). doi:10.1002/ecs2.3422 https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3422

A key assumption in species distribution modeling (SDM) with presence‐background (PB) methods is that sampling of occurrence localities is unbiased and that any sampling bias is proportional to the background distribution of environmental covariates. This assumption is rarely met when SDM practition…

Buckingham, E., Curry, J., Emogor, C., Tomsett, L., & Cooper, N. (2021). Using natural history collections to investigate changes in pangolin (Pholidota: Manidae) geographic ranges through time. PeerJ, 9, e10843. doi:10.7717/peerj.10843 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10843

Pangolins, often considered the world’s most trafficked wild mammals, have continued to experience rapid declines across Asia and Africa. All eight species are classed as either Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Alo…

Ortiz, A. M. D., & Torres, J. N. V. (2020). Assessing the Impacts of Agriculture and Its Trade on Philippine Biodiversity. Land, 9(11), 403. doi:10.3390/land9110403 https://doi.org/10.3390/land9110403

Many Philippine species are at risk of extinction because of habitat loss and degradation driven by agricultural land use and land-use change. The Philippines is one of the world’s primary banana and pineapple producers. The input-intensive style of plantation agriculture for these typically exporte…

Cooper, N., Bond, A. L., Davis, J. L., Portela Miguez, R., Tomsett, L., & Helgen, K. M. (2019). Sex biases in bird and mammal natural history collections. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286(1913), 20192025. doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.2025 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.2025

Natural history specimens are widely used across ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation. Although biological sex may influence all of these areas, it is often overlooked in large-scale studies using museum specimens. If collections are biased towards one sex, studies may not be representativ…

Espíndola, A., Ruffley, M., Smith, M. L., Carstens, B. C., Tank, D. C., & Sullivan, J. (2016). Identifying cryptic diversity with predictive phylogeography. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283(1841), 20161529. doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.1529 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.1529

Identifying units of biological diversity is a major goal of organismal biology. An increasing literature has focused on the importance of cryptic diversity, defined as the presence of deeply diverged lineages within a single species. While most discoveries of cryptic lineages proceed on a taxon-by-…